B.Tech stands for Bachelor of Technology. It is an undergraduate level programme that is pursued by science stream students after the completion of Class 12 Science. The four-year programme is offered by engineering colleges across India including top colleges such as IITs and NITs. Many technology schools also use the term B.E or Bachelor of Engineering for professional engineering undergraduate programmes. However, as far as India is concerned, only the nomenclature of the programme is different while the syllabus and teaching pedagogy is the same for both the programmes.

Why Choose B.Tech?
The technology sector is booming and the demand for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] graduates are more than ever. This course helps the students become professional engineers. It helps inculcate in the students an awareness of the erstwhile needs and requirements of the world and channel their analytical and technical prowess to solve problems amidst constraints and effective resource allocation. The curriculum of the B.Tech course includes professional subjects specific to the course of pursuance of the specific aspirants while educating them in the nitty-gritty of the technical aspects of the course.

Engineers command a highly lucrative salary and immense job satisfaction as a result of the noble nature of the profession and the large amount of respect that they command. Graduates of the B.Tech curriculum enjoy flexibility in their options of employability as they can choose to pursue higher studies in Management (MBA) or in their technical domain (M.Tech) or opt for jobs in their technical domain or in non-technical domains as in banks and other areas.

The B.Tech job opportunities are abundant and in a large number of sectors such as:

-> Software Engineer
-> Testing Engineer
-> System Analyst
-> Technical Support Engineer
-> Mechanical Engineer
-> Civil Engineer
-> Aerospace Designer
-> IOT Specialist

After graduating successfully, an individual can earn an average salary package of more than INR 5.5 lakh per annum. Some of the major recruiters for B.Tech graduates are software giants like Infosys, TCS, Accenture, Capgemini, Oracle, HP which recruit students for jobs through campus placements and provide impressive salary packages.

The future of an engineer may lead to either consultancy, or the industry, or a research and development field. The attractive prospect of availability of lucrative scholarships is a significant proof pursuing engineering many State Governments offering lucrative scholarships with all expenses covered for meritorious students pursuing B.Tech curriculum. Engineering is a rapidly developing sector. Advancements are being made at a good pace in this sector as a result of the engineers' ability to integrate components into the larger picture for the user’s usability while establishing design goals amidst restraints and practicality.

A computer engineer also finds employment in constructing and managing the computer system of an organization while supplying technical support. Big firms are investing large amounts of money into this sector, and new business opportunities are developing in this sector. These things have led to a massive increase in job openings. In short, B.Tech graduates are in huge demand and indispensable these days.

B.Tech Course Details

Degree Bachelors
Full-Form Bachelor of Technology
Duration Course Duration of Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] is 4 Years.
Age 17 - 22 years of age
Minimum Percentage 50% in 10+2 from a recognized Board
Subjects Required Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics with Computer Science / Electronics / Biology
Average Fees Incurred The average B.Tech course fee ranges from INR 40,500 - 1.5 lakhs per annum
Similar Options of Study Bachelor of Engineering [BE]
Average Salary Offered Average B.Tech Salary in India is INR 5.91 lakhs per annum
Employment Roles Software Engineer, Senior Software Engineer, Software Developer, Mechanical Engineer, Systems Engineer, IT Support, Associate Software Engineer etc. as Associate / Fully Fledged.
Placement Opportunities Tata Consultancy Services Limited, Infosys Limited, HCL Technologies Ltd., Accenture, Capgemini, HP, Intel, etc are the top recruiters

B.Tech – Eligibility Criteria:
B.Tech is an undergraduate level professional engineering programme. Therefore, the eligibility required to seek admission to B.Tech programme is clearing Class 12 or 10+2 from science stream. Students who have taken the PCM group or the Physics Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects are preferred for the programme.

There is also a lateral entry scheme to B.Tech programme that is offered to students holding a Diploma degree in engineering domains. Students who have joined Diploma programmes after Class 10 or Class 12 in technical trades can seek admission to B.Tech programmes offered by engineering colleges in India.

B.Tech – Admission Process:
Engineering is one of the most popular career options in India. The competition to get admission to top engineering colleges in India for B.Tech programme is fierce. Therefore, to screen the students as per their merit, admission to B.Tech programmes are granted on the basis of students’ performance in engineering entrance tests. Popular engineering entrance tests like JEE Main, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, AP EMCET test students on basics of engineering, in line with the Class 12 syllabus. And based on their performance, students are shortlisted for counselling and further screening process prior to the admission to B.Tech programmes.

B.Tech Entrance Exams:
Every year, nearly 11 lakh engineering aspirants take up engineering entrance exams in the country. There are different types of engineering entrance exams i.e.

National Level Engineering Entrance Exams:
National level Engineering Exams the eligibility exams that are conducted to screen engineering aspirants for admission to All-India level Engineering institutes. Many private and state-level institutes also accept score and rank of the national level engineering entrance exam as part of their admission process. The two key national level engineering entrance exams are:

JEE Main – Joint Entrance Examination - Main:
JEE Main is a national level engineering entrance exam. It is a screening test for students who are seeking admission to B.Tech programmes at IITs, NITs and other top engineering colleges in India. It also acts as an eligibility test for JEE Advanced – the second stage of Joint Entrance Exam, which tests students for admission to premier tech schools i.e. the IITs.

JEE Advanced – Joint Entrance Exam – Advanced:
JEE Advanced is the second stage screening test for students who are seeking admission to premier technology schools and engineering colleges of India i.e. IITs. The top 2,24,000 students from JEE Main exam are eligible to take up JEE Advanced exam.

State Level Engineering Entrance Exams:
Similarly, many states also conduct state-level engineering entrance exams/entrance exam for admission to professional courses offered by state-funded government colleges and institutes. Some private institutes and colleges also accept scores of the state-level entrance exam as part of the admission process. There are many state-level engineering entrance exams which are conducted to screen students for admission to B.Tech programmes. For example:

WBJEE – West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination:
WBJEE is a state-level entrance exam that is conducted by the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board (WBJEEB). It is an engineering entrance exam through which students are screened for admission to professional undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in Engineering, Technology, Architecture and Pharmacy in Government colleges and universities aided by the West Bengal Government.

UPSEE - Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination:
Conducted by the Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, UPSEE is a state-level engineering entrance exam for students of Uttar Pradesh. The test is an eligibility test for students, especially engineering aspirants, seeking admission to professional courses offered by institutes, universities and colleges affiliated to the AKTU. Apart from government-aided colleges, several private engineering colleges also accept UPSEE score for admission to B.Tech programmes.

Institute Specific Engineering Entrance Exams:
When it comes to admission to B.Tech programmes, there are several private institutes and engineering colleges that conduct their own entrance tests to screen students for admission. These institute-specific exams are conducted by the respective institute and it grants admission to students to different affiliated colleges and the different courses offered by them.

BITSAT - Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test:
BITSAT is an institute specific engineering entrance exam which is conducted by the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani. BITSAT is a must appear engineering entrance exam for students who are seeking admission to B.Tech programmes at the BITS Pilani and its allied campuses at Goa and Hyderabad.

VITEEE – VIT Engineering Entrance Examination:
Conducted by the Vellore Institute of Technology, the VITEEE is another institute specific engineering entrance exam that enables engineering aspirants to seek admission to B.Tech programmes offered at VIT, Vellore and VIT Chennai.

What is the difference between B.Tech vs B.E?
Globally, graduate-level professional engineering courses are classified into two variants i.e. B.Tech / Bachelor of Technology and B.E. / Bachelor of Engineering. Globally, B.E programmes are more theoretical in nature while B.Tech programmes tend to more practical and skill driven. However, in India, the majority of engineering programmes are termed as B.Tech and even those who follow the nomenclature of B.E have the same syllabus and curriculum.

What does B.Tech course cover?
Bachelor of Technology abbreviated as B.Tech is one of the most sought-out degrees in India. It is an undergraduate degree with a course duration of 4 years. This is considered to be a skill-oriented course. The B.Tech curriculum makes provisions for the system of lateral entry wherein an aspirant who has pursued a diploma course can join the B.Tech program in the second year and can continue henceforth.

Bachelor of Technology is an academic degree awarded to the students graduating in the field of Engineering. A large number of government-affiliated or private colleges, universities and institutions offer the B.Tech course as part of their curriculum, including the Indian Institutes of Technologies [IITs] in Kharagpur, Bombay, Madras, Kanpur, Delhi, Guwahati, Ropar, Roorkee, Bhubaneshwar, Gandhinagar, Hyderabad, Jodhpur, Patna, Indore, Mandi, Varanasi, Palakkad, Tirupati, Dhanbad, Bhilai, Goa, Jammu, Dharwad; the National Institutes of Technologies [NITs] in Tiruchirappalli, Rourkela, Surathkal, Warangal, Durgapur, Allahabad, Nagpur, Calicut, Jaipur among others.

B.Tech Specialization options:
Engineering is an ever-evolving domain that has several existing branches and sub-disciplines. On top of that, new specialization options also keep on emerging with the development of new technologies. The key among them include:

-> Chemical Engineering -> Bio-molecular Engineering
-> Material Engineering -> Molecular engineering
-> Process engineering -> Environmental engineering
-> Corrosion engineering -> Structural engineering
-> Civil Engineering -> Water resources engineering
-> Geotechnical engineering -> Electrical engineering
-> Transport engineering -> Computer engineering
-> Electronic engineering -> Power engineering
-> Optical engineering -> Mechanical engineering
-> Acoustical engineering -> Manufacturing engineering
-> Optomechanical engineering -> Sports engineering 
-> Thermal engineering -> Vehicle engineering
-> Power plant engineering -> Energy engineering
-> Interdisciplinary engineering specializations -> Aerospace engineering
-> Agricultural engineering -> Biomedical nanoengineering
-> Applied engineering -> Biological engineering
-> Biomedical engineering -> Building services engineering
-> Energy engineering -> Railway engineering
-> Industrial engineering -> Mechatronics engineering
-> Engineering management -> Petroleum engineering
 -> Military engineering -> Project engineering
 -> NanoEngineering -> Software engineering 
 -> Nuclear engineering -> Systems engineering
-> Textile engineering  

These are just a few of the main engineering specializations that are popular in India. But, thanks to the evolving nature of the engineering domain, many new engineering specializations have also emerged in which B.Tech programmes are offered in India.

Top B.Tech Colleges in India

The top 10 colleges offering B.Tech courses in India as per MHRD’s NIRF based Engineering ranking include:
-> Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
-> Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
-> Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
-> Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
-> Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
-> Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
-> Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
-> Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar
-> Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar-Rupnagar
-> Indian Institute of Technology, Patna

After B.Tech:
Another question that students are faced with while deciding to pursue B.Tech for their graduation is the question ‘what after B.Tech’. B.Tech being a professional course offers students both the options i.e. either to go for further studies or opt for a job. So, let’s look at both these aspects in detail below:

Further Studies

M.Tech / M.E:
As far as further studies are concerned, the next step for students after completing their B.Tech is going for M.Tech or M.E, both of which are postgraduate level professional degree programme offered by engineering colleges in India. M.Tech stands for Master of Technology, whereas M.E stands for Master of Engineering.

Just like B.Tech, students will have to opt for a specialization option for M.Tech programme during which they will dwell deeper in the respective discipline and gain the necessary knowledge and garner the expertise to excel in the field. In order to get selected to M.Tech programmes offered by top engineering colleges in India such as IITs and NITs, students have to appear for GATE – Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering.

The most preferred study option for most of the engineering graduates after their B.Tech programme is to opt for an MBA to earn a management degree. Engineering graduates generally opt for take up a job through campus placements to garner work experience. And after a few years, they take up an MBA / PDGM programme. In order to join top MBA colleges, students have to appear for CAT, XAT, MAT, CMAT or other popular MBA entrance exams.

Career Prospects:
Being a professional course, B.Tech also opens up several career opportunities for the students after the completion of the programme. The among them are:

Campus Placements:
All engineering colleges have a dedicated placement cell that works towards getting the engineering graduates placed in reputed organizations. Generally, after B.Tech, students are hired by private companies for entry-level job roles in technical fields. Students, who take up jobs through campus placements, generally do so, in order to gain the relevant experience in their field before further studies.

PSU Jobs:
After B.Tech students can also take up technical jobs in Public Sector Undertakings through the GATE / Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering. Many PSUs hire B.Tech students for entry-level jobs based upon their GATE score. A few PSUs such as CII, ISRO and BARC also conduct their own exams to screen B.Tech students for entry-level jobs.

Engineering Services Exam:
Engineering Services Exam is a national level screening test conducted by the UPSC / the Union Public Service Commission. The exam is the right choice for B.Tech students who aspire for government jobs in different sectors such as Defence, PWD, Railways etc. While the ESE exam pattern and syllabus is quite similar, it also has a non-technical component and three-stage screening process, which makes it a tough exam to crack.

Private Companies:
For students who do not want to opt for campus placements, they can also apply to different private companies for a job, after completing their B.Tech programme. Students can also take up employability tests such as AMCAT and eLitmus in order to prove their technical prowess and improve their chances of being selected for the job. After joining private companies in entry-level technical roles, students can gain the necessary knowledge and experience to earn promotions to rise the ranks of the corporate ladder.



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