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Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery popularized as MBBS are considered to be the most prestigious professional courses in the country. Every other student in the country aspires to become a doctor. The affordable fee of Rs. 10000 annually in the central government-funded medical institutions AIIMS is a major attraction. For the All India Quota, the annual fee ranges between 50,000 to 2, 00,000 for eligible MBBS students. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery popularized as MBBS are considered to be the most prestigious professional courses in the country. Every other student in the country aspires to become a doctor. The affordable fee of Rs. 10000 annually in the central government-funded medical institutions AIIMS is a major attraction. For All India Quota, the annual fee ranges between 50,000 to 2, 00,000 for eligible MBBS students.

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Table of Contents

What is MBBS?What is MBBS Full Form?Highlights - MBBS
MBBS Fees StructureWhy Choose MBBS?MBBS Eligibility Criteria
Top MBBS ExamsMBBS SyllabusMBBS Specialisations
What after MBBS?Careers Opportunities after MBBSTop Private MBBS Colleges in India
Top Government MBBS Colleges in IndiaBrowse Medical Colleges by States 

What is MBBS Full Form?

MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, or MBBS degree is a five-year-long undergraduate medical degree programme. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, or MBBS is derived from the Latin phrase Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae.

Highlights - MBBS

Course Name

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery










10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology


5.5 years

Average Fee

Rs. 71,000 to Rs.2,100,000

Average Salary

Rs. 360,000 per annum

Career Opportunities

Physician, Doctor, Endocrinologist, Pathologist, Neurologist, Cardiologist, Gynaecologist

Top RecruitersApollo Group, Indian Nursing Council, Fortis Hospitals, Manipal Group, Medica

MBBS Fees Structure

MBBS fee structure differs from one university to another and mostly depends on the type of institution. Before enrolling in any particular college, students should check the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS fee structure. The average MBBS fee is Rs. 5 lakhs.

Why Choose MBBS?

MBBS is a highly competitive programme as the admissions are offered on the basis of rank acquired in the NEET examination. Lakhs of students appear every year in the NEET examination for MBBS admission. Several students take a year off from their academic year to prepare for the NEET examination to get admission to prestigious medical colleges in India.

Students need to appear for the NEET counselling process once they get the required marks for admission. Successful completion of an MBBS course opens numerous opportunities for a medical career in the healthcare industry. Candidates can opt for an MS, MD, or DNB in any related specialisation after the successful completion of an MBBS programme. They can opt for numerous careers such as general surgeon, endocrinologist, pathologist, neurologist, physician, ENT specialist, cardiologist, and oncologist.

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MBBS Eligibility Criteria

Applicants must meet the MBBS eligibility criteria for admission to the MBBS degree programme. Aspiring candidates need to check all the necessary details, including the MBBS eligibility criteria, and admission process. Below, we have mentioned the MBBS eligibility criteria.

  • The minimum marks criteria may differ, although, in the intermediate test, general applicants should have scored at least 50 per cent marks.
  • The minimum age requirement is 17 years to register for the MBBS NEET exam.
  • Applicants will have to pass the medical entrance exam needed for MBBS admission.
  • Applicants should have done at least 10+2 with mandatory subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  • The minimum percentage for eligible candidates for the reserved category is 40 per cent.
  • The maximum age restriction for applying for the MBBS course is 25 years

Skills Required for MBBS Degree

Candidates must possess certain skills in order to get the most out of their MBBS degree programme. After earning MBBS degree, students will need the following skill sets to advance in their careers:

PatiencePhysical Strength
Communication SkillsAttention to Detail
Critical ThinkingEmpathy

MBBS Application Process

There are various ways of enrolling students in the MBBS course provided by various institutions and schools. In the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery programmes, educational institutions use various methodologies to enrol applicants. To receive an MBBS degree, applicants must follow the different strategies with a thorough understanding from which they must then achieve university admissions. The various methods by which candidates may become admitted to the MBBS degree are described below.

Entrance exams: The most common method for approving candidates is a medical entrance exam used by colleges and universities. Aspiring MBBS students sit for different entrance exams to earn a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS) degree. The results obtained in these exams allow the students to apply to high-ranking universities offering such degrees.

Merit-based: There are colleges and universities in these courses which offer candidates admissions based on the marks achieved in 10+2. MBBS eligibility criteria are based on competencies gained in 10+2. These colleges often take students using their cut-off lists. But the number of these colleges is very less in numbers and the medical entrance exam is a must for this particular degree.

Top MBBS Exams

A few universities conduct entrance examinations for a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS). Selection for this degree in some major universities is based on the total marks in the final year of school and on the entrance exam.

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test-Undergraduate (NEET): NEET-UG or National Eligibility cum Entrance Test-Undergraduate is the criteria for enrollment in the MBBS degree. NEET-UG is the common entrance examination required for admission in all medical universities and colleges in India. Each and every applicant who aspires to be recruited for the MBBS course must apply for the National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam-UG.

NEET Exam Dates

NEET Preparation Tips

NEET Eligibility Criteria

NEET Application Form

NEET Cut off

NEET Result

Previously there was an exception for admissions to AIIMS and JIPMER MBBS because these educational institutions seemed to undertake their own medical entrance exam. But meanwhile, those examinations have also been eliminated.

MBBS Cut off

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS cut-off is used to determine the student's merit for admission in the MBBS degree programme. For the MBBS degree programme, the NEET cut-off is the main criteria that every medical college accepts for the MBBS admission process. MBBS cutoff is based on the number of students appearing for the NEET examination, and the difficulty level of the NEET question paper.

Browse Medical Colleges Accepting NEET

CMC VelloreKMC Manipal
KMC MangaloreMS Ramaiah Medical College Bangalore
St Johns Medical College BangaloreAFMC Pune
KPC Medical College and Hospital, JadavpurMaulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi 

MBBS Syllabus

In this section, we have provided the common MBBS syllabus which is used by many medical colleges in India. The MBBS syllabus is divided into five years and also required one to pursue a Haematologyone-year rotary internship. We have mentioned below MBBS subjects.


Fundamentals of Disease and Treatment

Locomotor System

Introduction to Medical Practice I

Introduction to Molecular Medicine

Cell Biology

Introduction of Embryology and Histology


Health and the Environment

Neuroscience 1 (Peripheral System)

Basic Haematology

Respiratory System

Healthcare Concepts



General Pathology

Environmental Pathology


Nutrition Disorders

Hereditary Disorder



Systemic Pathology

Alimentary System


Common Symptoms and Signs

Cardiovascular System



Special Pathology

Growth Disturbance and Neoplasia

Clinical Pathology


General Pathology



Epidemiology of communicable diseases

Reproductive and child health

Epidemiology of non‐communicable diseases



Infectious disease

Diseases of the immune system, connective tissue, and joints

Nutritional disease

Hematology and Oncology

Geriatric disease



Endocrine disease

Brain Death, Organ donation, Organ preservation

Metabolic and Bone disease

Nervous system

Emergency medicine and critical care



Nervous system

Environmental disorders, poisoning and snake bite

Kidney disease

Emergency medicine and critical care

Also Read:

  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
  • BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
  • BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)

Top MBBS Colleges by Locations

A number of Indian universities offer an MBBS degree. Students are admitted to the MBBS degree based on their academic performance and admission exam results. Here is a list of the MBBS degree institutes in India's major cities.

M.B.B.S. Colleges in ChennaiM.B.B.S. Colleges in Bangalore
M.B.B.S. Colleges in New DelhiM.B.B.S. Colleges in Hyderabad
M.B.B.S. Colleges in KolkataM.B.B.S. Colleges in Bhopal
M.B.B.S. Colleges in PatnaM.B.B.S. Colleges in Mumbai
M.B.B.S. Colleges in AhmedabadM.B.B.S. Colleges in Jaipur

MBBS Specialisations

Medical universities aim to provide students with a modern, growth-driven education through their MBBS degree programmes. A Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery degree allow the graduates eligible for the market in the world's current scenario. Throughout India, there is a tremendous demand in the medical industry among medical practitioners as there are fewer employment opportunities in the marketplace and the number of doctors is much greater than it is. Earning an MBBS degree offers students the opportunity to achieve their objectives in the medical and healthcare industries.


General Medicine


General Surgery


Obstetrics & Gynaecology


ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat)



What after MBBS?

In the healthcare industry, Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery students are highly focused. MBBS students have employment opportunities in both the government and private sectors. There is a wide range of employment options available in the fields of biomedical companies, medical centres, healthcare facilities, laboratories, emergency rooms, community health centres, and private practice. There seem to be a number of choices available for students after the MBBS course with both the development and commercialisation of the healthcare industry.

MBBS is a medical degree on its own that enables graduates to prescribe drugs, and most participants choose to obtain a master's degree in this area to become known physicians. The major recruitment agencies for MBBS candidates are Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd, Medanta Hospitals, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Fortis Healthcare Ltd, and Cipla Ltd, with positions available like Anesthetist, Cardiologist.

Other Popular Medical Degrees

Careers Opportunities after MBBS

In this section, we have discussed some of the career opportunities after an MBBS degree.

Doctor: A doctor is a medical professional who works in various healthcare settings and provides surgical, therapeutic and medicinal care to patients. He or she diagnoses, examines and identifies the illness, diseases and checks the medical history of a patient and also prescribes various tests to provide accurate medications. For becoming a doctor, students can pursue an MBBS degree programme and then they can also do specialisation in a postgraduate degree programme.

Medical Officers: Medical officers are also regarded as chief medical officers are doctors who are mainly in charge of clinics. Such physicians strongly recommend as well as provide medical assistance, problem detection, and instruction on medical conditions and illness control. This profession is one of the best career options for MBBS graduates. Medical officers play an important role in supervising patient treatment and the duties of other medical professionals. When services are initially implemented, they can sometimes actively participate in the treatment. They may very well assist in assessing and diagnosing family and individual necessities and plans of treatment.

Surgeon: The surgeon is liable for the patient's essential diagnosis, conducting the surgery, and providing continuous medical care and treatment for the patient. The surgeon is one of the best career options after MBBS. The surgeon is often regarded as the surgical team leader. Medical surgeons work to ensure collaboration and coordination among all the other leaders of the surgical team, usually requiring another surgeon or an assistant to the surgeon, anesthesiologist, and nursing staff in the operating theatre. Patients are operated on by them to enhance or recover health, like repairing injury problems or preventing depression.

General Physician: MBBS degree graduates can begin their careers as a general physician who researches, diagnoses and treats, and cures patient diseases. General Physician is one of the best career options for MBBS graduates. A physician typically treats diseases in the early stage, but if the illness remains serious after identification, then perhaps the patient is referred to a specialised medical professional. General Physicians are professionally educated physicians who provide elderly patients with a variety of nonsurgical medical attention. They treat complicated, critical, or severe health issues, and they proceed to serve the patient unless they have treated or healed such complications.

Paediatrician: A medical practitioner is in charge of treating kids with the disease and diagnoses their overall development and growth. In order to test and monitor the health and regular physical performance, paediatricians perform regular detailed tests on babies and young children and observe children to evaluate their health and inquire questions to collect knowledge regarding complications. They prescribe medicine and provide specific guidance about how to take it.

Top Recruiters

Some of the top recruiters that hire MBBS graduates are mentioned below:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Apollo Group
  • Indian Nursing Council
  • Fortis Hospitals
  • Manipal Group
  • Medica

Salary after MBBS Degree

The average salary of MBBS graduates varies depending on different factors. The variation may vary due to the sector and firm of employment and the candidate's dedication and experience in the workplace. Below, we have mentioned the salary after an MBBS degree:


Employment Areas

MBBS graduates can join hospitals, other healthcare facilities, and universities. Students who have pursued MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, can also practice individually. Some of the employment areas for MBBS graduates are:

  • Hospitals
  • Healthcare facilities
  • Universities
  • Individual Practice

Top Private MBBS Colleges in India

In India, there are a number of private medical colleges that offer MBBS degrees. Private universities are significantly more expensive than public universities. Some of the top private MBBS Colleges and also MBBS fees are discussed below:



ACMS Delhi

Rs. 20.57 Lakhs

AIMS Mandya


AIMS Thrissur

Rs. 32.10 Lakhs

ARMCH Solapur

Rs. 36 Lakhs

AVMC Puducherry

Rs. 87.77 Lakhs

BMC Hyderabad


BMCH Chitradurga

Rs. 31.30 Lakhs


Rs. 108.38 Lakhs

CMC Ludhiana


CMC Vellore


Top Government MBBS Colleges in India

Attending a government-run college is less expensive than attending a private college. These colleges are well-known for their high academic standards throughout India. The following are some of the best government MBBS colleges and also MBBS fees:

Top MBBS Colleges by States

MBBS graduates have a lot of career opportunities in the future. The top MBBS degree institutes in each of the following states are listed below:

Browse Medical Colleges by Cities

Browse Medical Colleges by States