Geotechnical engineering is the division of engineering which deals with the engineering activities of earth materials. Geotechnical engineering is a part of civil engineering, but is also used by petroleum, mining, military or any other engineering related with construction on or in the ground. Geotechnical engineering utilizes principles of soil and rock mechanics to investigate sub-surface conditions and materials; verify the relevant chemical/mechanical and physical properties of these materials; Assess stability of natural slopes and man-made soil deposits; evaluate risks posed by site conditions; design earthworks and structure foundations; and monitor earthwork, site conditions and foundation construction. The fields of geotechnical engineering and engineering geology are intimately related, and have large areas of overlap.
List of Courses: –
- Diploma in Geotechnical Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering in Geotechnical Engineering
- Bachelor of Technology in Geotechnical Engineering
- Bachelor of Mining Engineering
- Master of Engineering in Geotechnical Engineering
- Master of Technology in Geotechnical Engineering
- Post Graduate Diploma in Geotechnical Engineering
- Doctor of Philosophy in Geotechnical Engineering
For admission in a bachelor’s degree, the candidate must have passed the higher secondary school certificate (10+2) examination with science subject such as biology, maths and chemistry. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E). The duration for this course is 4 years.
The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor’s degree in (B.E/B.Tech) or any other equivalent branches of engineering. The duration for this course is 2 years.
Some of its specialized fields are: –
- Transportation Engineering
- Soil Mechanics
- Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic
- Geotechnical and Geo-environmental
- Environmental and Water Resources Management
- Structural engineering and construction materials
There are a lots of career opportunities in this field for young aspirants. Talented professionals from this field are increasing day by day. Geotechnical engineers can seek employment in various sectors such as government departments, private and public sector industries and research institutions. Professionals in this career can also opt for teaching jobs in universities and colleges. They can also seek employment in public health department or with construction companies. It is also possible for them to establish consultancy firms on their own. There are lots of job opportunities available in India as well as in foreign countries.
Some job profiles: –
- Chief Engineer
- Senior Engineer
- Supervisory Engineer
- Professor and Teachers
- Independent Consultants
- Building Inspector
- Consulting Engineer
Geotechnical engineering is one of the most lucrative field. For those who want to pursue a career in Geotechnical engineering, their initial salary starts from Rs 10,000 – Rs 15,000 per month. Those who have a diploma in the related subject can earn around Rs 8,000 – Rs 10,000 per month. Professionals of this field will have a monthly salary of approximately Rs 30,000. Researchers can earn a decent salary from the beginning of their career.