What is Chemical Engineering ?

Chemical Engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with design, supervision, construction, installing and operating of plants and equipments for manufacturing chemical products and introducing new methods of production. The subject uses the combined knowledge of Chemistry and Engineering for the production of chemicals and related by-products. In addition, chemical engineering studies pioneering valuable new materials and techniques – such as nanotechnology, fuel cells and biomedical engineering.

Chemical Engineering has made a scientific breakthrough by creating synthetic replacements for our limited natural materials and resources. The study of chemical engineering involves manufacturing plastics, paints, fuels, fibers, medicines, fertilizers, semiconductors, paper, and other types of chemicals by carrying out chemical reactions and purifications; inventing cleaner technologies for protecting the environment; and finding ways to recycle the waste products.

Few courses offered in this field are: –

  • Diploma in Chemical Engineering
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Chemical Engineering
  • Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology in Chemical Engineering
  • Master of Engineering in Chemical Engineering
  • Master of Science in Chemical Engineering
  • Master of Technology in Chemical Engineering
  • Integrated five year M.Tech in Chemical Engineering

Basic Eligibility


To pursue an undergraduate course in chemical engineering, candidates should be 10+2 pass with 50% marks in physics, chemistry and mathematics from recognized Board examination. Most of the colleges offer admission on the basis of score obtained in national/state level entrance test.


To pursue a postgraduate course in chemical engineering, candidates should have Bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering/Bachelor in Technology in chemical engineering from recognized University.


Eligibility for Diploma courses: –

To pursue Diploma course in chemical engineering, candidates should be either Class Xth pass or 10+2 pass in science stream with 50% marks in Physics, Maths and Chemistry subjects from recognized board examination.


Few specializations in this field: –

  • Electronic Materials
  • Physics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Process Engineering
  • Energy
  • Food Processing
  • Electrochemical
  • Electronic Materials
  • Electronic Engineering
  • Safety
  • Environmental
  • Process Control
  • Electrochemical
  • Polymers
  • Statistics
  • Biochemical Engineering

Job Prospects

Chemical Engineering graduates have plenty of job opportunities in manufacturing and service industries such as food, materials, specialty chemicals, plastics, power production, biotechnology, Tyre manufacturing, nanotechnology, mining process, mineral based industries, petrochemical, plants, pharmaceuticals, synthetic fibers, chemical engineering designs, nuclear energy, materials science, development of new sources of energy and even medicine. Some opt to work in laboratories and universities as a professor.

Those interested in government jobs have to clear Engineering Service Examinations conducted by the UPSC. The engineering graduates are employed in defense establishment, healthcare related research projects, atomic power plants, environment regulation, recycling department and power conservation projects.

Pay package: –

The average package for fresher will be Rs. 15,000 per month. The package for Diploma holders varies from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 12,000 per month. Senior engineers earn between Rs 30,000 and Rs 50,000 per month.

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