Biotechnology engineering is a branch of engineering where technology is combined with biology for research & development. Biotechnology involves wide range of subjects such as engineering, genetics, biochemistry, microbiology and chemistry. There are various applications of biotechnology in fields such as animal husbandry, growth of vaccines and medicines, agriculture, pollution control, energy production and conservation, healing of prolonged disease and ecological conservation. It also helps in development of insecticides, fertilizers and quality of seeds. A candidate who specializes in this field is known as a biotechnologist. There are lots of career opportunities in this field for young aspirants both in India as well as in aboard for biotechnologist.
Scope of biotechnology is rising in certain fields which include: –
- Gene therapy
- Tissue culture
- Genetic Engineering
- Plant-based drugs
- Rational drug design
- Stem cell techniques
- New DNA technologies
- Photosynthetic efficiency
- Enzyme engineering and technology
List of Courses: –
- Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering in Biotechnology
- Bachelor of Technology in Bioprocess Technology
- Bachelor of Technology in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering
- Bachelor of Technology in Biotechnology
- Master of Engineering in Biotechnology
- Master of Technology in Biotechnology
For admission in a bachelor’s degree, the candidate must have passed the higher secondary school certificate (10+2) examination with science subject such as biology, maths and chemistry. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E). The duration for the course is 4 years.
The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor’s degree in (B.E/B.Tech) or any other equivalent branches of engineering. The duration for the course is 2 years.
Some of its specialized fields are: –
- Molecular Biology
- Animal Husbandry
There are a lot of career opportunities in the field of biotechnology engineering. Graduates can seek employment in chemical and textile industries, agricultural sectors, pharmaceutical firms and manufacturing industries. Professionals in this career can also opt for teaching jobs in universities and colleges. Bio-technologists can seek employment in research laboratories, which are run by government or private sector. Professionals can seek job opportunities in private sectors such as food processing and agro based industries, pharmaceutical farms and aquaculture. Biotechnologists can also opt for science writer in media houses.
Some job profiles: –
- Lab Technician
- Research Scientist
- Research Associate
- Science Writer
- Sales Representative
- Quality Control Officer
Biotechnology is a rewarding and promising career option. The compensation of a biotechnologist working in research organization or a public sector industry is set according to the government standards. Professionals employed in corporate houses and industries can earn handsome salary. A graduate trainee in this field can initially earn around Rs. 15,000 – 20,000 every month. Professionals working in private colleges can earn good salary depending upon their experience. Fresh IIT pass out graduates working in corporate sector can earn salary between Rs. 70,000 – Rs. 85,000 per annum.
Top companies, which employ biotechnologists, are: –
- Thapar Group
- Hindustan Lever
- Biocon India Ltd.
- Hindustan Antibiotics
- Indo American Hybrid Seeds